• In the Veggie Garden: Compost with premium compost
  • Plant another round of brassica species
  • In the Lawn: aeration, compost, and brown patch prevention
  • Cover Crops
  • Plant Trees and hardy shrubs. It’s the best time of the year to do so.
  • Mulch flower beds and trees. Mulch volcanoes are bad, mulch donuts are good. No cypress mulch, use aged double ground native hardwood mulch.
  • Have Frost Cloth Handy: No lollipops. Drape the ground to trap heat.


After First Hard Freeze:

  • Cut back perennials that die to the ground such as salvias, esperanza, pride of Barbados, and lantana.
  • Don’t cut back: roses or woody perennials (salvia greggii) and evergreens. Wait until mid-February
  • This is the perfect time of the year to trim any major branches in trees.


January and Beyond:

  • Spray Fruit Trees with Dormant Oil
  • Start warm season vegetables from seed such as tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant.
  • Start cool season vegetables from seed to plant in stages. Provide a bottom heat source.


When it’s cold and you have Nothing Better to Do:

  • Repot your houseplants
  • Buy a blooming orchid
  • Get your soil tested
  • Sterilize, sharpen, and oil your cutting tools and shovels
  • Repot or make Bonsai trees